A Brief History of Bolivia by Waltraud Q. Morales

By Waltraud Q. Morales

Compliment for the former version: ...the author's devotion to Bolivia and quandary for its destiny shines through...Recommended.--Choice

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Tiwanaku was laid out in several large plazas with the dominant central plaza paved with imposing stone slabs. The few architectural walls, semisubterranean temples, and gateways that survive today are adorned with Chavín-style figures and carved animals. Most impressive of these is the Puerta del Sol, or the Gate of the Sun, and the rebuilt Temple of Kalasasaya, which in Aymara means “stones standing upright” and refers to its basalt-sandstone monoliths that are astronomically aligned around a ritual platform.

Within a year, the great capital of Cuzco capitulated and the victorious Spanish marauders regrouped and marched against the recalcitrant Indians of Bolivia’s altiplano. 13 The Inca Huáscar, who inherited half the empire from his father, Inca Huayna Capac. ” Atahuallpa was later captured and killed by the Spanish. (Art Today) 2 Colonial Bolivia (1532–1780) We came here to serve God, but also to get rich. Bernal Díaz del Castillo (Hamill 1992, 14) S ome of the prophecies of the Indian peoples of the Americas foretold the arrival of the Spanish, but nothing could have prepared the native population of Bolivia for the stunning impact of the brutal, avaricious conquerors who came in search of gold, silver, gems, and—as an afterthought—to Christianize native populations in the name of the cross and the Crown.

Bolivian historians attribute the disintegration and speedy subjugation of the Aymara kingdoms to internecine feuding and bloody civil wars. In 1470, this fierce love of warfare and independence erupted into a major revolt against their new Inca rulers. The Empire of the Inca The empire of the Inca, founded near the sacred city of Cuzco in modernday Peru at the beginning of the 13th century, ultimately dominated the entire Andean and coastal regions. At its head stood Sapa-Inca (“supreme Inca”), the hereditary emperor who claimed descent from the sun god Inti.

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