By James Legge; Fa-Hien
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Additional info for A Record of Buddhistic Kingdoms. Being an account by the Chinese Monk Fa-Hien of his travels in India and Ceylon (A.D. 399-414) in search of the Buddhist Books of Discipline.
T he snow rests on them both winter and summer. There are also among them venomous dragons, which, when provoked, spit forth poisonous winds, and cause showers o f snow and storms of sand and gravel. N ot one in ten thousand of those who encounter these dangers escapes with his life. T h e people of the country call the range b y the name o f *T he Snow mountains•’ When (the travellers) had got through them, they were in North India, and immediately on entering its borders, found themselves in a small kingdom called T*o-leih2, where also there were many monks, all students of the h i n a y ln a .
On them the snow lies accumulated both winter and summer. On the north (side) of the mountains, in the shade, they suddenly encountered a cold wind which made them shiver and become unable to speak. Hwuyking could not go any farther. A white froth came from his mouth, 1 The number may appear too great, But see what is said on the size of topes in note i, page 17. 3 In Singhalese, P a se B u d d h a s ; called also N id in a B uddh as, and P ra tyek a Jinas, and explained by ( individually intelligent/ ( completely intelligent/ ‘ intelligent as regards the n id in a s/ This, says Eitel (pp.
The combination of 故 in the text of this concluding sentence, and so frequently occurring throughout the narrative, has occasioned no little dispute among previous translators. In the imperial thesaurus of phraseology (P'ei-win Yun-foo), under 故 , an example of it is given from Chwang-tsze, and a note subjoined that ^ is equivalent to 古今 (anciently and now/ 26 T H E TRA V E LS OF FA-H 2EN. C H A P T E R V I I. CROSSING OF THE INDUS. WHEN BUDDHISM FIRST CROSSED THE RIVER FOR THE EAST. T h e travellers went on to the south-west for fifteen days (at the foot of the mountains, and) following the course of their range.